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Each of the albums, the artworks and visualisations by Japetus
open a doorway, a portal, to experience different levels of consciousness.
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Japetus - The Name


Overview
So many people want to know the origin of the name Japetus and as there are so many different aspects I decided to dedicate a page to it. Since starting this page some years ago I realised that it is an opportunity to bring together a real resource with all the aspects related to the name Japetus. So this page will grow in an organic way with my more concise story at the top and new info added at the end as uncovered.

The pronunciation of the name is confusing and difficult for many because it has existed in many times and countries and languages. Like some sacred words, they are not really meant to be 'vibrated in the air' and are more a 'vibrational arrangement of characters' that are symbolic
for a state of being or a realm of consciousness and used as such for purposes of invocation.

Who can really say how it was originally pronounced in ancient Egypt and ancient Greece but because it was originally spelled with an 'I' (Iapetus) it must have been more like this - eye-AP-it-os. As the name moved into more recent usage in Europe in the 1500's and 1600's it took on the German usage with the 'J' (Japetus) and would have been pronounced more like YAH-pet-toos.

 

However, when it reached me in 1977 in Australia my preferred pronunciation was JAY-pet-us with the emphasis on the first 'J' syllable. Hence the short-form name I use for my personal nick name - Jay.

Here is how it is pronounced on howjsay.com

Japetus has existed in many different cultures throughout the millennia in a wide variety of different guises, spellings and pronunciations. I am not an expert on language or history but the things I have manage to find out over the years are listed below. I can't guarantee the total accuracy of the references I uncovered and what is written below is mostly my interpretation. You only have to put Japetus into Google to see the multitude of references, ranging from butterflies to backgammon games to distant moons. Of course, these days, it comes up at the top with this site!

The name Japetus very much 'chose' me around 1977 and I still do my best to live up to it. Since I was a kid I have always felt an 'overshadowing' from higher realms with a strong sense of guidance and inspiration for my work.

I cannot confirm that the source of this inspiration is related to the historical entity known as Japetus/Iapetus. However, I have had many mystical experiences while creating this catalogue including, during a deep meditation, finding myself sitting in an old monastery with rows of monks slowly chanting the name... J a p e t u s ...in a manner and form I had never heard before. I suspect that Japetus, like all the mythological gods, is more 'a state of consciousness' that flows down into the mundane world, if various harmonic connections are set up on both sides.

If you have any feedback or discover any information please, do send it on.


History
References to Japetus appear throughout history and in the ancient mythological texts since the beginning of time and through Atlantis, the Greeks, the Christians, Cassini in 1642 and finally into the 20th and 21st century via the book 2001: A Space Odyssey, where it found me.

Traditionally, the name is spelt - Iapetus and Iapetos. It is pronounced e-yah-pey-tos. In ancient Greek the 'I' and the 'J' were interchangeable as they are in many countries still today.

Greek Name: IapetoV
Transliteration: Iapetos
Latin Spelling: Iapetus
Translation: Piercing
Root: (iaptô)

"IAPETOS (or Iapetus) was one of the Titan gods, sons of Ouranos (Heaven) and Gaia (Earth). Led by Kronos, Iapetos and his brothers conspired against their father, preparing an ambush for him as he descended to lie with Earth. Krios, Koios, Hyperion and Iapetos were posted at the four corners of the world where they seized hold of the Sky-god and held him fast, while Kronos, hidden in the centre, castrated him with a sickle.

In this myth, Iapetos and the three brothers represent the four cosmic pillars which appear in Near-Eastern cosmogonies holding heaven and earth apart. Iapetos himself was no doubt the pillar of the west, a position which was later and more obviously held by his son Atlas.

Iapetos "the piercer" may also have been regarded as the Titan god of the mortal life-span. Indeed, his sons Prometheus and Epimetheus were represented as the creators of mankind and other mortal creatures.

The Titanes were eventually deposed by Zeus and cast into the pit of Tartaros. Hesiod describes this as a void lying beneath the foundations of the cosmos, where earth, sea and sky all have their roots. Here the Titanes shift in cosmological terms from being holders of heaven to bearers of the entire cosmos. According to Pindar and Aeschylus (in his lost play Prometheus Unbound) the Titanes were eventually released from the pit through the clemency of Zeus." Keeping reading in more depth here.


The name in all its forms has a complex history and is best know to us today in the context of the Titans from Greek mythology. The Titans are an archetypal group more representative of states of being or of consciousness or of stages of evolutionary expression. The Titans (often described as only 7 entities) have been correlated to many ancient spiritual systems including the 7 Manus, 7 Rishi's, the 7 Rays, the 7 Kabirum. It was the Titans who created humanity.

In this graphic you can see how the chaos of creation finds its order and form by flowing down through the demi-gods.

In Greek creation mythology The Titans were the 12 strong, giant like, divine children of Gaea and Uranus (males: Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus/Japetus, Kronus/Cronus, and Oceanus, and female: Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Rhea, Tethys, Theia and Themis) - they overthrew their own father to make Cronus king - however his own son Zeus overthrew Cronus and began a war with the Titans - eventually Zeus won and the Titans were thrown into Tartarus (a part of Hell lower than even Hades).


The Greek gods are connected to Egyptian cosmology. The quote below is out of context and doesn't make much sense but still shows the connection to the name.

Here is a quote from - A Short Chronicle from the First Memory of Things in Europe, to the Conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great by Isaac Newton. Source: The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended (London: 1728).

"958. Oedipus kills his father Laius. Sthenelus the son of Perseus Reigns in Mycene.

956. Sesac is slain by his brother Japetus, who after death was deified in Afric by the name of Neptune, and called Typhon by the Egyptians. Orus Reigns and routs the Libyans, who under the conduct of Japetus, and his Son Antæus or Atlas, invaded Egypt. Sesac from his making the river Nile useful, by cutting channels from it to all the cities of Egypt, was called by its names, Sihor or Siris, Nilus and Egyptus.

The Greeks, hearing the Egyptians lament, O Siris and Bou Siris, called him Osiris and Busiris. The Arabians from his great acts called him Bacchus, that is, the Great. The Phrygians called him Ma-fors or Mavors, the valiant, and by contraction Mars. Because he set up pillars in all his conquests, and his army in his father's Reign fought against the Africans with clubs, he is painted with pillars and a club: and this is that Hercules who, according to Cicero, was born upon the Nile; and according to Eudoxus, was slain by Typhon; and according to Diodorus, was an Egyptian, and went over a great part of the world, and set up the pillars in Afric.

He seems to be also the Belus who, according to Diodorus, led a Colony of Egyptians to Babylon, and there instituted Priests called Chaldeans, who were free from taxes, and observed the stars, as in Egypt. Hitherto Judah and Israel laboured under great vexations, but henceforward Asa King of Judah had peace ten years.

947. The Ethiopians invade Egypt, and drown Orus in the....."


The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms by Isaac Newton


The body of myth By J. Nigro Sansonese

Great Pyramid By Colonel Garnier


The Christian connection
Through Noah and the Flood. The story of the flood is symbolic and the children of Noah have been related to the Titans, with the adaptation of the name Iapetos into the name Japeth, one of Noah's sons. Hence my favoured pronunciation of JAY_petus.

This video explains some of the Greek history and how it relates to the biblical history.



Japetus moon

Astronomy
The story of the Titans became part of our modern culture and the astronomer Cassini decided to name all the moons of Saturn after the Titans when he discovered them in 1642. A lot of the study of these new celestial bodies was carried out in Germany and in Europe, with a general language usage in the 'J' form Japetus. So when all the data on the moons was recorded it was all written as Japetus not Iapetus and the 'J' form found its way into use in popular culture.

Iapetus, was discovered to be the most unique celestial body in our solar system (and therefore the known universe). It is one of the outer moons and in its orbit around Saturn it incredibly shows the same face towards the Sun all the time. The upshot of this is that the sunny side is scorched and burned and black, and the dark side is frozen white water ice.


2001: A Space Odyssey
In the mid 1900's, around the time I was born, science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke wrote a short story called The Sentinel. It was about extraterrestrial artifacts being found on the moon. In the 60's, film director Stanley Kubrick was looking for a big movie to make and following up such timeless classics as Dr Strangelove and A Clockwork Orange he looked toward the space race and what that meant for humanity.

Kubrick loved The Sentinel story and asked Clarke to work with him on the movie and co-write a screenplay based on the The Sentinel. It was an amazing coming together and then they went away and did their bits separately. They met regularly to share progress. Clarke wrote the book 2001: A Space Odyssey and Kubrick began work creating the visuals.

In the book, humanity is proactively evolved by extraterrestrial influence right up to space travel and uncovers a solar powered inter-dimensional alarm clock buried on the moon that, when exposed to the sunlight for the first time, sends a high frequency radio emission towards Saturn. In fact aimed straight at one special little outer moon of Saturn called Iapetus. There was speculation that because of its unique alignment that it just might be some sort of artificial satellite or even, as the book describes, an alien portal, which is why Arthur chose it. It stands out in our system and doesn't really fit normal planetary behaviour.

There was speculation also about the nature of its surfaces. What kept it oriented towards the sun and what was on the white frozen far side. 2001 speculates that there is a portal - a giant inter-dimensional vortex wormhole through hyper-space where you are basically reborn as a planetary guide.

Unfortunately, in the movie when Kubrick tried to recreate the rings of Saturn he couldn't do it realistically enough so the special effects team decided to go with Jupiter instead not knowing, in those days before Voyager flybys, that Jupiter has rings too, as does Neptune. At that point the whole relationship to Iapetus as far as the movie was concerned was lost and the focus became Jupiter's moon Europa. In all the subsequent movies and books the focus has always remained Jupiter.

Mind you, as a devoted fan of Arthur C. Clarke, I contacted him in the early 80's when I started this ambient new age music catalogue and he wrote many letters and sent me many autographed books. Amazingly he turned out to be an electronic music groupy and was also in close touch with Jean-Michell Jarre and Wendy Carlos. In fact, in one of the books he sent - 2061 - he actually apologised to me for changing the destination in 2010: Odyssey Two!! One of the greatest book and movie trilogies of our time and he apologises to me!!??... quite silly really...

To 'Japetus' - sorry I changed destinations after Odyssey 1!!... all good wishes..." 1st June 1989.


http://www.gradesaver.com/2001-a-space-odyssey/wikipedia/iapetus-vs-japetus/
The Making of Kubrick's 2001
The name of the Saturnian moon Iapetus is spelled Japetus in the book. This is an alternative rendering of the name, which derives from the fact that 'consonantal I' often stands for 'J' in the Latin language (see modern spelling of Latin).

In his exhaustive book on the film, The Making of Kubrick's 2001 (Signet Press, 1970, p. 290), author Jerome Agel discusses the point that "Iapetus" is the most common rendering of the name, according to many sources, including the Oxford English Dictionary. He goes on to say that "Clarke, the perfectionist", spells it Japetus. Agel then cites the dictionary that defines "Jape" as "to jest; to joke; to mock or make fun of." He then asks the reader, "Is Clarke trying to tell us something?"

Clarke himself directly addressed the spelling issue in chapter 19 of The Lost Worlds of 2001 (Signet, 1972, p. 127), explaining that he simply (and unconsciously) used the spelling he was familiar with from The Conquest of Space (1949) by
Willy Ley and Chesley Bonestell, presuming that the 'J' form is the German rendering of the Greek



http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanIapetos.html
God of Mortality
IAPETOS (or Iapetus) was one of the Titan gods, sons of Ouranos (Heaven) and Gaia (Earth). Led by Kronos, Iapetos and his brothers conspired against their father, preparing an ambush for him as he descended to lie with Earth. Krios, Koios, Hyperion and Iapetos were posted at the four corners of the world where they seized hold of the Sky-god and held him fast, while Kronos, hidden in the centre, castrated him with a sickle.

In this myth, Iapetos and the three brothers represent the four cosmic pillars which appear in Near-Eastern cosmogonies holding heaven and earth apart. Iapetos himself was no doubt the pillar of the west, a position which was later and more obviously held by his son Atlas.

Iapetos "the piercer" may also have been regarded as the Titan god of the mortal life-span. Indeed, his sons Prometheus and Epimetheus were represented as the creators of mankind and other mortal creatures.

The Titanes were eventually deposed by Zeus and cast into the pit of Tartaros. Hesiod describes this as a void lying beneath the foundations of the cosmos, where earth, sea and sky all have their roots. Here the Titanes shift in cosmological terms from being holders of heaven to bearers of the entire cosmos. According to Pindar and Aeschylus (in his lost play Prometheus Unbound) the Titanes were eventually released from the pit through the clemency of Zeus.

PARENTS
[1.1] OURANOS & GAIA (Hesiod Theogony 132, Apollodorus 1.8, Diodorus Siculus 5.66.1)
[1.2] GAIA (Virgil Georgics 1.276)
[2.1] TARTAROS & GAIA (listed as a Gigante) (Hyginus Preface)

OFFSPRING
[1.1] ATLAS, PROMETHEUS, EPIMETHEUS, MENOITIOS (by Klymene) (Hesiod Theogony 371)
[1.2] ATLAS, PROMETHEUS, EPIMETHEUS, MENOITIOS (by Asie) (Apollodorus 1.9)
[1.3] ATLAS, PROMETHEUS, EPIMETHEUS (by Klymene) (Hyginus Preface)
[2.1] BOUPHAGOS (by Thornax) (Pausanias 8.27.15)
[3.1] ANKHIALE (Stephenus Byzantium 'Anchiale')


Collected Encyclopedic references
IA′PETUS (Iapetos), a son of Uranus and Ge, a Titan and brother of Cronus, Oceanus, Coeus, Hyperion, Tethys, Rhea, &c. (Apollod. i. 1. § 3; Diod. v. 66.) According to Apollodorus (i. 2. § 3) he married Asia, the daughter of his brother Oceanus, and became by her the father of Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Menoetius, who was slain by Zeus in the war against the Titans, and shut up in Tartarus. Other traditions call the wife of Iapetus Clymene, who was likewise a daughter of Oceanus, and others again Tethys, Asopis, or Libya. (Hes. Theog. 507, &c.; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 1277; Orph. Fragm. viii. 21, &c.; Virg. Georg. i. 279.) Hyginus, who confounds the Titans and Gigantes, makes Iapetus a Giant, and calls him a son of Tartarus. According to Homer (Il. viii. 479) Iapetus is imprisoned with Cronus in Tartarus, and Silius Italicus (xii. 148, &c.) relates that he is buried under the island of Inarime. Being the father of Prometheus, he was regarded by the Greeks as the ancestor of the human race. His descendants, Prometheus, Atlas, and others, are often designated by the patronymic forms Iapelidae (es), Iapetionidae (es), and the feminine Iapetionis. (Hes. Theog. 528; Ov. Met. iv. 631; Pind. Ol. ix. 59.)

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Homer, Iliad 8. 479 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :
"The undermost limits of earth and sea, where Iapetos and Kronos seated have no shining of the sun god Hyperion to delight them nor winds’ delight, but Tartaros stands deeply about them."

Hesiod, Theogony 133 & 207 (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"She [Gaia the Earth] lay with Ouranos (Sky) and bare deep-swirling Okeanos, Koios and Krios and Hyperion and Iapetos, Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne and gold-crowned Phoibe and lovely Tethys. After them was born Kronos the wily, youngest and most terrible of her children, and he hated his lusty sire . . . And he [Ouranos] used to hide them all [Hekatonkheires and Kyklopes, brothers of the Titanes] away in a secret place of Earth (Gaia) so soon as each was born, and would not suffer them to come up into the light : and Ouranos (Sky) rejoiced in his evil doing. But vast Gaia (Earth) groaned within, being straitened, and she made the element of grey flint and shaped a great sickle, and told her plan to her dear sons [the six Titanes]. And she spoke, cheering them, while she was vexed in her dear heart : `My children, gotten of a sinful father, if you will obey me, we should punish the vile outrage of your father; for he first thought of doing shameful things.' So she said; but fear seized them all, and none of them uttered a word. But great Kronos the wily took courage and answered his dear mother : `Mother, I will undertake to do this deed.'

So he said: and vast Gaia (Earth) rejoiced greatly in spirit, and set and hid him in an ambush, and put in his hands a jagged sickle, and revealed to him the whole plot.
And Ouranos (Sky) came, bringing on night and longing for love, and he lay about Gaia (Earth) spreading himself full upon her. Then the son from his ambush stretched forth his left hand and in his right took the great long sickle with jagged teeth, and swiftly lopped off his own father's members and cast them away to fall behind him . . . These sons whom be begot himself great Ouranos (Sky) used to call Titenes (Strainers) in reproach, for he said that they strained and did presumptuously a fearful deed, and that vengeance for it would come afterwards." [N.B. Hesiod in the last few lines says that all six brothers were involved in the ambush and castration of Ouranos : five straining to hold him fast, while the sixth, Kronos, cut off his genitals.]

Hesiod, Theogony 507 ff :
"Now Iapetos took to wife the neat-ankled maid Klymene, daughter of Okeanos, and went up with her into one bed. And she bare him a stout-hearted son, Atlas: also she bare very glorious Menoitios and clever Prometheus, full of various wiles, and scatter-brained Epimetheus."

Pindar, Olympian Ode 9. 54 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) :
"And of that race were sprung your ancestors, bearers of brazen shields, sons of the maids of the stock of Iapetos [i.e. the descendants of Deukalion & Pyrrha, grandchildren of Iapetos], and from the sublime sons of great Kronos."

Aeschylus, Prometheus Unbound (lost play) :
In Aeschylus' lost play Prometheus Unbound the chorus consisted of the Titan sons of Ouranos--Krios, Koios, Iapetos and Hyperion (and perhaps also Kronos)--released by Zeus from Tartaros. It is not known if the brothers were named in the play or individualised in any way.

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 2 - 3 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Ouranos (Sky) . . . fathered other sons on Ge (Earth), namely the Titanes : Okeanos, Koios, Hyperion, Kreios, Iapetos, and Kronos the youngest; also daughters called Titanides: Tethys, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe, Dione, and Theia . . . Now Ge (Earth), distressed by the loss of her children into Tartaros [the Kyklopes and Hekatonkheires], persuaded the Titanes [Koios, Hyperion, Kreios, Iapetos and Kronos] to attack their father, and she gave Kronos a sickle made of adamant. So all of them except Okeanos set upon Ouranos (Heaven), and Kronos cut off his genitals, tossing them into the sea . . . Thus having overthrown Ouranos’ rule the Titanes retrieved their brothers from Tartaros and gave the power to Kronos."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. 8 - 9 :
"The Titanes had children . . . Atlas (who holds the sky on his shoulders), Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Menoitios, whom Zeus struck with a thunderbolt in the Titan battle and confined to Tartaros, were all sons of Iapetos and Asia."

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 66. 1 (trans. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) :
"The Titanes numbered six men and five women, being born, as certain writers of myths relate, of Ouranos and Ge, but according to others, of one of the Kouretes and Titaia, from whom as their mother they derive the name they have. The males were Kronos, Hyperion, Koios, Iapetos, Krios and Okeanos, and their sisters were Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe and Tethys. [N.B. He omits Theia.] Each one of them was the discover of things of benefit to mankind, and because of the benefaction they conferred upon all men they were accorded honours and everlasting fame."

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 67. 1 :
"To Iapetos was born Prometheus."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 27. 15 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"The river [Bouphagos in southern Arkadia]] got its name, they say, from the hero Bouphagos (Cow-Eater), the son of Iapetos [either the Titan or a king of the same name] and Thornax. This is what they call her in Lakonia also. They also say that Artemis shot Bouphagos on Mount Pholoe because he attempted an unholy sin against her godhead."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"From Iapetus and Clymene [were born] : Atlas, Epimetheus, Prometheus."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"From Terra [Gaia] and Tartarus [were born] : Gigantes--Enceladus, Coeus, elentes, mophius, Astraeus, Pelorus, Pallas, Emphytus, Rhoecus, ienios, Agrius, alemone, Ephialtes, Eurytus, effracordon, Theomises, Theodamas, Otus, Typhon, Polybotes, meephriarus, abesus, colophonus, Iapetus." [N.B. Several Titanes--Iapetos, Koios, Pallas and Astraios --appear in this list of Gigantes.]

Virgil, Georgics 1. 276 ff (trans. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) :
"Luna [Selene the Moon] herself has ordained various days in various grades as lucky for work. Shun the fifth . . . then in monstrous labour Terra [Gaia the Earth] bore Coeus, and Iapetus and fierce Typhoeus, and the brethren [Gigantes] who were banded to break down Heaven."

Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1. 563 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :
"It was only after the battle with fierce Iapetus [general of the Titanes] and the toils of Phlegra [against the Gigantes] that Olympus’ palace set me [Zeus] over the universe."

Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 4. 60 ff :
"[When Leto, Artemis, Apollon cry out to Zeus for the release of Prometheus from his torture on Mt Kaukasos :] Then too from [the underworld river] Acheron up to heaven’s heights is heard the cry of Iapetus himself [begging Zeus to release his son Prometheus]; sternly, as he pleads, does Erinys [the jailkeeper of Tartaros] thrust him aside, looking to the law of lofty Jove [Zeus]."

Statius, Thebaid 10. 192 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :
"The heavenly palace itself thunders [through Zeus], though no sign is given, the clouds themselves gather an the storms collect without the blast of any wind: one would think Iapetus had burst his Stygian chains."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 1. 378 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"[Zeus speaks :] `What will my aigis [storm-cloud] do fighting with Typhon’s thunderbolt? I fear old Kronos may laugh aloud, I am shy of the proud neck of my lordly adversary Iapetos.'"

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. 298 ff :
"[Typhoeus boasts of his intentions once he has seized the throne of heaven :] `I will keep the chains of Iapetos for Poseidon [i.e. he will free Iapetos from his chains and replace him with Poseidon in Tartaros].'"

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 36. 110 ff :
"Let there not be internecine war in heaven once gain, after that conflict with Kronos which threatened Olympos : let me not see another war after the affray with Iapetos."

NOTES :
Iapetos may have been the Titan god who presided over the mortal life-span who assigned mortal creatures their finite lot. Like his brother Titanes, he was a god of time, one of the sons of Ouranos, the great dome of heaven which measured all of time. Iapetos, as one of the more destructive Titanes, is described by Homer seated beside Kronos (all-devouring time) in the depths of the Tartarean pit.

Iapetos and his bride Klymene might have been conceived with a variety of functions. Firstly, as the god of mortality, Iapetos is "the piercer" (from iaptô), the god of violent death. His wife Klymene, in this sense, would naturally be a chthonian (or netherworld) goddess, and indeed, the masculine form of her name "Klymenos," commonly occurs as an euphemistic title of the god Haides. Furthermore, the abstract Klymene "Fame" was a concept associated with renown in death, achieved through glorious actions in life.

Iapetos and Klymene might also have been gods of craftmanship. Iapetos' name "the piercer," for example, imagines the spear, a tool born of craft. Klymene, on the other hand, shares her name with the craftsman-god Hephaistos, who was titled Klymenos "the famous one" in Homeric poetry.

The powers of mortality and craftsmanship appear in the characters of the sons of Iapetos, Prometheus and Epimetheus, gods who crafted mortal creatures out of clay.

The sons of Iapetos were also described as possessing some of the worst of human traits : on an intellectual level, Prometheus is overly sly and crafty, Epimetheus a guileless fool, Atlas overly daring, and arrogant Menoitios prone to rash and violent actions. Their natural traits led each to their downfall. Iapetos and his family were regarded as the ancestors of mankind, a race which inherited the worst qualities of these four sons : crafty scheming, foolish stupidity, excessive daring, and rash violence.

Iapetos may be the same as Keuthonymos, a mysterious underworld daimon named as the father of Menoites, herdsman of Haides. It is reasonable to assume that this Menoites is identical to Menoitios, son of Iapetos.


Butterfly / moth
There is a genus of butterfly named 'Tagiades japetus':
Tagiades japetus janetta Butler, 1870
(one synonym: Pterygospidea japetus)
Pied Black and White Flat
PYRGINAE , HESPERIIDAE
"This Caterpillar is grey-green, with white speckles, and a dark dorsal line. The head is dark brown and heart-shaped. By day, the Caterpillar lives under a triangular piece of leaf cut from its foodplant and folded over. At night, the Caterpillar emerges and feeds."

This name was chosen perhaps because of the delineation of the colouring from light to dark, like the moon of Saturn. It is also really nice for me because it is related to the caterpillar and its transformation into this type of butterfly. Changing from a caterpillar into a butterfly was the symbol that I originally used to describe my own personal transformation process.

http://learnaboutbutterflies.com/Amazon%20-%20Baeotus%20japetus.htm
Butterflies of the Amazon rainforest

Narrow-line Beauty
Baeotus japetus STAUDINGER, 1885
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - NYMPHALINAE
Tribe - COEINI



Online User/Track names
There are countless online backgammon games and social networking identities that use 'Japetus'. Nerds who used to study Greek mythology at college no doubt. It was already being used by a guy on MySpace and I asked him one day to let me know if he ever gave it up. A few years later I got an email saying it was mine if I login now! Amazing just how nice some people can be.

There are a few other bands with Japetus in their title:
http://acapella.harmony-central.com/showthread.php?1357235-Listen-to-Japetus-Band-(

and there are quite a few music tracks with Japetus in the title:
http://new.music.yahoo.com/umber-sleeping/tracks/japetus-receiving--27214192
http://gholas.bandcamp.com/track/the-eye-of-japetus
http://cosmicsoul.bandcamp.com/track/eye-of-japetus
http://blackmetalvercelli.blogspot.com/2011/03/joyless-urfaust-adorn-japetus-unter.html

Ironically many of the tracks listed above are heavy metal bands.


http://www.marinetraffic.com/ais/shipdetails.aspx?MMSI=273353050
Russian Supertanker
There is also a Russian Supertanker called the Japetus.

Vessel's Details
Ship Type: Tanker - Hazard A (Major)
Length x Breadth: 141 m X 17 m
Speed recorded (Max / Average): 8.8 / 6.9 knots
Flag: Russia [RU]
Call Sign: UBOG9
IMO: 9517094, MMSI: 273353050


Japetus Steenstrup was a famous marine biologist who studied whales. It is probably the only other recent high profile usage of the name (after researching on Google).

Johannes Japetus Smith Steenstrup (1813 - 1897) was a Danish zoologist, biologist, and professor.
He was a professor for zoology at the University of Copenhagen. He worked on a great many of subjects, including cephalopods, but also in genetics, where he discovered the principle of the alternation of generations in some parasitic worms in 1842.

Steenstrup discovered (1842) the possibility of using the subfossils of the Postglacial as a means of interpreting climate changes and correlated vegetation change, which he called succession in the recent past[1]. Two of Steenstrup's students, Christian Vaupell and Eugen Warming further developed this line of research.

Japetus Steenstrup was a professor to zoologist Johan Erik Vesti Boas, who was also a student of zoologist Carl Gegenbaur, and Hans Christian Gram, inventor of the Gram stain. [2]



http://www.vaude.com/epages/Vaude-de.sf/en_NL/?ObjectPath=/Shops/Vaude/Products/10731/SubProducts/107313410
Laptop bag
JaPETus is not only a moon of Saturn, it's also a VAUDE laptop bag that shines with a hipbelt, sternum strap and Slide-Stop shoulder straps. Now that's down-to-earth practical.



Links to other information sites about Japetus -

Astronomical:
http://www.nineplanets.org/iapetus.html
http://www.solarviews.com/cap/sat/iapetus1.htm

Mythological:
http://www.timelessmyths.com/classical/titans.html#Titans
http://hem.passagen.se/japetus
http://www.bibleorigins.net/Japhethmadai.html

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